도로 위의 자전거 운행 관련 규정
자전거도 도로교통법의 적용을 받는다.
만 18세 미만은 모두 자전거 핼멧을 의무적으로 착용하여야 한다.
만18세 이상은 의무규정은 없으나 헬멧을 사용하는 것을 권장한다.
16세 미만의 자녀들은 그 부모(Parents)나 가디언(Guardian)이 반드시 헬멧을 착용하도록 할 의무가 있다.
Learn more about safe cycling:
- Cycling Skills: Ontario’s Guide to Safe Cycling (PDF – 3.39 MB) : a detailed handbook of rules and safety standards for any rider
- Young Cyclist’s Guide (PDF – 2.83 MB) : a kid-friendly handbook book of cycling safety tips and rules for young riders
What is a bicycle?
A bicycle, or bike, is a vehicle that:
- has one, two or three wheels (a unicycle, bicycle or tricycle)
- has steering handlebars and pedals
- does not have a motor. For motor-assisted bikes, read about electric bicycles or scooters and mopeds
Licence and registration
Bicycles do not require:
- licence plates
- vehicle insurance
- a driver’s licence
People of all ages can ride a bike.
Rules of the road
As a cyclist, you must share the road with others (e.g., cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles, etc.).
Under Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act (HTA), a bicycle is a vehicle, just like a car or truck.
- must obey all traffic laws
- have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers
- cannot carry passengers – if your bicycle is only meant for one person
Riding on the right
You must stay as close to the right edge of the road whenever possible, especially if you’re slower than other traffic.
Where you can ride
You can ride on most roads, except:
- controlled access highways, such as Ontario’s 400-series highways
- across a road within a pedestrian cross-over – you must walk your bike to the other side
Children and youth
By law, every cyclist under age 18 must wear an approved helmet.
Riders under 16 years old: a parent or guardian must make sure their child wears a helmet.
Helmets are not compulsory for adults over 18; but a helmet can greatly reduce the risk of permanent injury or death if you fall or collide. It is strongly recommended that all riders wear helmets.
Types of helmets
The best helmets:
- are made to meet strict safety standards
- fit properly when worn correctly
Bicycle safety resources
For more information about cycling safety, check out:
- CAN-BIKE, a series of education and skill courses on cycling safely
- Canada’s Independent Bicycle Retailers Association
- the Toronto Cycling Committee: a citizen’s advisory group on bike-related policies
- the Share the Road Cycling Coalition: an organization that works to make communities more bicycle-friendly
- CAA Bike Safety: safety tips for cyclists and drivers
- ServiceOntario Publications: order copies of Cycling Skills and the Young Cyclist’s Guide